Curdlan Gel and 3 Main Influencing Factors

Curdlan Gel and 3 Main Influencing Factors



Curdlan has many special properties, and it forms a thermally irreversible & reversible curdlan gel that has edible and many industrial uses. There are 3 main factors affecting the strength of curdlan gel.

Curdlan Gel and 3 Main Strength Influencing Factors

1.Discovery of Curdlan

Curdlan was produced by a bacterium called Alcaligenesfacealis var. myxogenes (10C3) isolated from soil by Prof. Harada et al. at Osaka University, Japan, in 1964 (many preserved strains of the genus Agrobacte-rium were later found to produce the polysaccharide).

Curdlan has many special properties, and it forms a thermally irreversible gel that has edible and many industrial uses.

2.Properties of Curdlan

A suspension of Curdlan can be heated to form a colorless, tasteless, odorless gel.

In addition to heating, other conditions are required for gel formation (such as cooling after heating, the presence of ca+, or a specific pH and sucrose concentration), which makes it different from ordinary gelling agents. This unique gelation property of Curdlan makes it special for use in the food industry.

3.Two Different Curdlan Gels

Curdlan (condensed polysaccharide) can form two gels with different properties depending on the temperature at which it is heated.

Curdlan Gel and 3 Main Strength Influencing Factors 2

Heating its aqueous dispersion (above 2% concentration) to 54-80°C and then cooling it down to 40°C, a thermally reversible low-strength gel can be formed, and reheating it to 70°C, the gel will be re-dissolved, a property similar to agar.

If Curdlan is heated above 80 ℃ (80-130 ℃) for a few minutes, that is, a thermally irreversible high-strength gel is formed. When cooled to room temperature, it will not dissolve even after reheating. And the formed thermally irreversible gel is brittle and hard at room temperature, and the hardness decreases when heated and steamed, but the elasticity does not decrease, and it will not dissolve or become soft when cooked for a long time.

4. Factors Affecting the Strength of Curdlan Gel

Curdlan Gel and 3 Main Strength Influencing Factors 3

As the concentration of Curdlan increases, its strength rises. However, when the concentration starts from 3%, its gel strength rises sharply and is higher than that of agar at the same concentration, and its gel properties are between the brittleness of agar and the ductility of gelatin.

Curdlan has excellent adaptability to pH and has good gel formation in the range of pH 2 to 10.

Various inorganic salts have almost no effect on the strength of Curdlan gel, but Na2B407 can significantly enhance the gel strength.

low acyl gellan gum in 2 layered jello jelly
3 Big Factors Affecting Low-Acyl Gellan Gum in 2 Layered Jello

The best gel effect parameters for the double layered jelly were 0.12% of low acyl gellan gum, 0.10% of calcium lactate, and pH at 4.0.

Any Questions? Need Help?
Contact Gino Gums & Stabilizers, Get the Answers to All Your Texture & Stability Questions

About us

With the mission of providing plant-based gums & stabilizers for a healthier life, Gino Gums & Stabilizers was founded in 2018.

We focus our main attention on various kinds of Plant-Based Hydrocolloids and Stabilizing solutions systems.

Follow us on

Recent posts


Get The Exclusive

News, Resources

More about what you'll get from our newsletter!

  • Technical papers, articles and videos on food texture and stability;
  • The newest food trends, consumer demands and texture innovation;
  • The right food gums & stabilizers system that solves your challenge;
  • A team that can handle the complexity and help you formulate products;
  • Supplier selection criteria and methods and other purchasing skills.

Subscribe to Find the Secret to Connecting a Better and Healthier Life!